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As we build SocialCops’ data repository, we keep creating data points and visualizations that demand to be shared. Our data newsletter, Real Numbers aims to bring this important data to you in simple bite-sized pieces. Over time, we’ll dive deep into our archives to cover everything from agriculture and education to healthcare and women’s issues in India. 

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In honor of the recent 2016-17 Union Budget release, we’ve devoted this Real Numbers to analyzing the last 17 years of Union Budget speeches. Check out the data points below to learn more about the Union Budget speeches since 2000.


budget speech

Most common words in the 2016-17 Union Budget speech (excluding stop words like will, shall, and sir)


29

Total number of times “farmer” and “farmers” were mentioned in the 2016-17 Union Budget speech. This is the maximum number of times that “farmer” or “farmers” was mentioned across 17 years of Union Budget speeches, in line with PM Modi’s declaration, “This Budget is pro-village, pro-poor, pro-farmer”. (The Hindu)


404 vs. 5

Number of times the word “increase” was mentioned compared to the word “decrease” in the past 17 years of budget speeches.


Scheme

The most frequently used word in the last 17 years of budget speeches. The word “scheme” was mentioned 614 times. After “scheme”, “development” was mentioned the most at 577 times. (Analysis excluded stop words such as will, shall, sir, etc.)


4,321

Number of words only used once in the past 17 years of Union Budget speeches. These words include “unripe”, “paradoxical”, “alcoholism”, “biofuels”, “tricycles”, and “asafoetida”.


2016-17

Year of the budget speech with the lowest ratio of unique words to total number of words. However, this budget speech was also the second-longest speech in the past 17 years of Union Budget speeches.


Pranab Mukherjee

Finance Minister who delivered the most unique Union Budget speech (based on the ratio of unique words to total number of words per speech). Pranab Mukherjee’s 2009-10 Union Budget speech was 6,334 words long with 2,211 unique words.


9,731

Total number of words in the 2015-16 Union Budget speech. This was the longest Union Budget speech from 2000 to 2016. It was 413 words longer than the second-longest speech in 2016-17. (Interim budgets were excluded from this analysis to ensure comparability across speeches.)


6,334

Total number of words in the 2009-10 Union Budget speech. This is the shortest Union Budget speech from 2000-01 to 2016-17. It was 538 words shorter than the second-shortest speech in 2013-14. (Interim budgets were excluded from this analysis to ensure comparability across speeches.)


Source Data: All visualizations and numbers are from SocialCops’ analysis of budget speeches from 2000-01 to 2016-17. For budget speech transcripts, see theMinistry of Finance website.

Though there were 17 Union Budgets from 2000 to 2016, there were 20 Union Budget speeches (17 normal speeches and 3 interim speeches). Unless otherwise stated, we included data from all 20 speeches in our speech analysis.


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