As we build SocialCops’ data repository, we keep creating data points and visualizations that demand to be shared. Our data newsletter, Real Numbers aims to bring this important data to you in simple bite-sized pieces. Over time, we’ll dive deep into our archives to cover everything from agriculture and education to healthcare and women’s issues in India. 

The newsletter comes out every two weeks over email. Click here to subscribe


Number of intellectual property applications filed with India’s Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs, Trademarks and Geographical Indicators in 2013-14. Of these, the most common applications were for trademarks (79.5%) followed by patents (17.1%). (Source: The Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs, Trademarks and Geographical Indicators)


Maharashtra’s contribution to direct tax collection in India in Financial Year 2014-15. This makes it the highest contributing state to India’s direct tax collection in 2014-15. Maharashtra is followed by Delhi (13.1%), Karnataka (8.7%), and Tamil Nadu (6.4%). Direct tax includes income tax, corporate tax, and other direct taxes. (Source: Income Tax Department)

Contribution to direct tax collection


Newborns weighing less than 2.5 kg at birth as a percentage of all newborns weighed at birth in India in 2015-16. 93.8% of babies were weighed at birth that year. (Source: Health Management Information System)


Total number of large dams in India, of which 312 are under construction. A “large dam” is defined by the National Register of Large Dam as “one with a maximum height of more than 15 meters from its deepest foundation to the crest” or having a height of 10-15 meters with additional conditions. Although Maharashtra accounts for the highest proportion of these dams (35.7%), less than 6% of its agricultural area are irrigated by surface irrigation (including canals and tanks). (Source: National Register of Large Dams, Agricultural Census 2010-11)


62 million tons

Waste generated in India annually. This is equivalent to nearly one third of the combined rice and wheat production of India in 2014-15. Only 43 million tons of waste are collected, from which 11.9 million tons are treated and 31 million tons are landfilled. (Source: Ministry of Environment and Forests)


Number of Assembly Constituencies in India. 20% of these (i.e. 824 constituencies) are up for Legislative Assembly elections taking place in April and May 2016. An estimated 20% of India’s electorate is in these states. (Source: Election Commission of India 1, 2)

Elections - logo

320 tons

Weight of India’s launch vehicle— PSLV-C11 — at lift-off. PSLV-C11 launched the spacecraft Chandrayaan-1 during India’s first mission to the moon in 2008. This weight is equivalent to 64 elephants weighing 5,000 kgs each. Chandrayaan-1 was carrying NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper, or M3, which discovered water molecules on the moon. (Source: Indian Space Research Organization)